The construction of the Nerija fort was started by the soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1864 and completed by the German Empire in 1871. During the period of 1897-1939, the said fort was handed over to the port and residential premises were arranged there. During World War II, the fort was blasted. It underwent restoration in 1976-1978. The fort was adapted for the needs of the Lithuanian Sea Museum - the aquarium and expositions of marine fauna, sea birds and mammals and history of navigation were opened there in 1979. Thus a military-marine construction of the 19th century was revived for cultural purposes.